dr.ir. S. Vollebregt

Assistant Professor
Electronic Components, Technology and Materials (ECTM), Department of Microelectronics

Expertise: Emerging Electronic Materials

Themes: MEMS Technology, Micro/Nano System Integration and Reliability

Biography

Sten Vollebregt received his B.Sc. ('06) and M.Sc. ('09), both cum laude, in Electrical Engineering from Delft University of Technology. For his master thesis, he investigated the growth of carbon nanotubes at NanoLab, Newton, MA, USA and AIXTRON, Cambridge, UK. In 2014 he completed his Ph.D. thesis in the Microelectronics Department of the Delft University of Technology on the low-temperature high-density growth of carbon nanotubes for application as vertical interconnects in 3D monolithic integrated circuits.

After obtaining his Ph.D., he held a post-doc position on the wafer-scale integration of graphene for sensing applications together with the faculty of Mechanical Engineering and several industrial partners. During this research, he developed a unique transfer-free wafer-scale CVD graphene process. Since Oct. 2017, he is an assistant professor in the Laboratory of Electronic Components, Technology and Materials of the Delft University of Technology where his research focuses on the integration of emerging electronic materials into semiconductor technology for sensing applications. His research interests are (carbon-based) nanomaterials, 3D monolithic integration, wide-bandgap semiconductors, and (harsh) environmental sensors. He has co-authored over 25 journal publications, 4 book chapters, and holds 3 patents.

ET4icp IC technology lab

Hands-on experience on process simulations, fabrication in the EKL cleanroom and measurement on the fabricated devices

Power2Power

European research project Power2Power for more efficient power semiconductors

Monolithically integrated SiC sun sensor for Space

Projects history

Wafer-scale fabrication of graphene for sensing applications

Carbon nanotube and atomic layer based solid-state supercapacitors

Carbon nanotubes as vertical interconnect in 3D integrated circuits

  1. Wafer-scale transfer-free process of multi-layered graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition
    Filiberto Ricciardella; Sten Vollebregt; Bart Boshuizen; F.J.K. Danzl; Ilkay Cesar; Pierpaolo Spinelli; Pasqualina Maria Sarro;
    Material Research Express,
    2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/ab771e

  2. Infrared absorbance of vertically-aligned multi-walled CNT forest as a function of synthesis temperature and time
    Amir Mirza Gheytaghia; Amir Ghaderi; Sten Vollebregt; Majid Ahmadic; Reinoud Wolffenbuttel; Kouchi Zhang;
    Materials Research Bulletin,
    2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2020.110821

  3. Wafer-scale Graphene-based Soft Implant with Optogenetic Compatibility
    Andrade Velea; Sten Vollebregt; Gandhika Wardhana; Vasso Giagka;
    In IEEE Int. Conf. on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS 2020),
    2020.

  4. Mass measurement of graphene using quartz crystal microbalances
    Robin J Dolleman; Mick Hsu; Sten Vollebregt; John E Sader; Herre SJ van der Zant; Peter G Steeneken; Murali K Ghatkesar;
    Applied Physics Letters,
    Volume 115, Issue 5, pp. 053102, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5111086
    document

  5. Analysis of a calibration method for non-stationary CVD multi-layered graphene-based gas sensors
    Filiberto Ricciardella; Tiziana Polichetti; Sten Vollebregt; Brigida Alfano; Ettore Massera; Lina Sarro;
    IOP Nanotechnology,
    Volume 30, pp. 385501-1-8, 2019. DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/ab2aac
    document

  6. Low-friction, wear-resistant, and electrically homogeneous multilayer graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition on molybdenum
    Borislav Vasic; Uros Ralevic; Katarina Cvetanovic Zobenica; Milce Smiljanic; Rados Gajic; Marko Spasenovic; Sten Vollebregt;
    Applied Surface Science,
    pp. 144792, 2019.
    document

  7. Growth of multi-layered graphene on molybdenum catalyst by solid phase reaction with amorphous carbon
    Filiberto Ricciardella; Sten Vollebregt; Evgenia Kurganova; A.J.M. Giesbers; Majid Ahmadi; Lina Sarro;
    2D Materials,
    Volume 6, pp. 035012, 2019. DOI: 10.1088/2053-1583/ab1518

  8. Towards an Active Graphene-PDMS Implant
    Wardhana, G. K.; Serdijn, W.; Vollebregt, S.; Giagka, V.;
    In Abstract from 7th Dutch Bio-Medical Engineering Conference,
    2019.
    document

  9. A wafer-scale process for the monolithic integration of CVD graphene and CMOS logic for smart MEMS/NEMS sensors
    Joost Romijn; Sten Vollebregt; Henk W. van Zeijl; Pasqualina M. Sarro;
    In IEEE 32nd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS). Piscataway: IEEE,
    2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/MEMSYS.2019.8870741

  10. Flexible, graphene-based acive implant for spinal cord stimulation in rodents
    Andrada Velea; Sten Vollebregt; Vasiliki Giagka;
    In SAFE/ProRISC,
    2019.

  11. Towards a Microfabricated Flexible Graphene-Based Active Implant for Tissue Monitoring During Optogenetic Spinal Cord Stimulation
    Andrada Iulia Velea; Sten Vollebregt; Tim Hosman; Anna Pak; Vasiliki Giagka;
    In Proc. IEEE NMDC,
    2019.

  12. Transfer-free Graphene-based Differential Pressure Sensor
    Raghutham Ramesha; Sten Vollebregt; Lina Sarro;
    In Proc. IEEE NMDC,
    2019.

  13. Free-standing, Transfer-free Graphene-based Differential Pressure Sensors
    R. Ramesha; S. Vollebregt; P.M. Sarro;
    In SAFE/ProRISC,
    2019.

  14. Wafer-scale integration of CVD graphene on CMOS devices using a transfer-free approach
    Sten Vollebregt; Joost Romijn; Henk W. van Zeijl; Pasqualina M. Sarro;
    In Graphene Week,
    2019.

  15. Compressive response of pristine and superconductor coated MWCNT pillars
    A. M. Gheytaghi; S. Vollebregt; R.H. Poelma; H. W. Zeijl; Kouchi Zhang;
    In IEEE MEMS,
    2019.

  16. Full wafer transfer-free graphene
    Filiberto Ricciardella; Sten Vollebregt; Lina Sarro;
    Patent, WO2019125140; NL2020111, 2019.

  17. Graphene pellicle lithographic apparatus
    Evgenia Kurganova; Jos Giesbers; Maria Peter; Maxim Naselevich; Arnoud Notenboom; Alexander Klein; Pieter-Jan van Zwol; David Vles; Pim Voorthuijzen; Sten Vollebregt;
    Patent, WO2019170356, 2019.

  18. Effects of Conformal Nanoscale Coatings on Thermal Performance of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes
    Cinzia Silvestri; Michele Riccio; René H. Poelma; Aleksandar Jovic; Bruno Morana; Sten Vollebregt; Andrea Irace; Kouchi Zhang; Pasqualina M. Sarro;
    Small,
    Volume 14, Issue 20, pp. 1800614, 2018. DOI: 10.1002/smll.201800614

  19. Carbon Nanotube Array: Scaffolding Material for Opto, Electro, Thermo, and Mechanical Systems
    Amir M. Gheytaghi; H. van Zeijl; S. Vollebregt; R.H. Poelma; C. Silvestri; R. Ishihara; G. Q. Zhang; P. M. Sarro;
    Innovative Materials,
    Volume 3, pp. 22-25, 2018.

  20. Grafeen: een zoektocht naar de toepassing
    Sten Vollebregt; Jos Giesbers; Johan Klootwijk;
    Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Natuurkunde,
    pp. 16-20, September 2018.

  21. Wafer Level Through-polymer Optical Vias (TPOV) Enabling High Throughput of Optical Windows Manufacturing
    Z. Huang; R.H. Poelma; S. Vollebregt; M.H. Koelink; E. Boschman; R. Kropf; M. Gallouch; Kouchi Zhang;
    In IEEE Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference (ESTC),
    pp. 1-5, 2018.

  22. Wafer-scale CVD graphene integration: a transfer-free approach
    Sten Vollebregt;
    In GrapChina,
    2018. (invited).

  23. A Miniaturized Low Power Pirani Pressure Sensor Based on Suspended Graphene
    Joost Romijn; Sten Vollebregt; Robin J. Dolleman; Manvika Singh; Herre S.J. van der Zant; Peter G. Steeneken; Pasqualina M. Sarro;
    In Proceedings of IEEE NEMS,
    2018.

  24. Making large free-standing multi-layer graphene/graphitic membranes
    Evgenia Kurganova; A.J.M. Giesbers; Sten Vollebregt; Arnoud Notenboom; David Vles; Maxim Nasalevich; Peter van Zwol;
    In Graphene Conference,
    2018.

  25. A transfer-free approach to wafer-scale graphene deposited by chemical vapour deposition
    Sten Vollebregt; Filiberto Ricciardella; Joost Romijn; Manvika Singh; Shengtai Shi; Lina Sarro;
    In Graphene Conference,
    2018. (invited).
    document

  26. CVD transfer-free graphene for sensing applications
    Chiara Schiattarella; Sten Vollebregt; Tiziana Polichetti; Brigida Alfano; Ettore Massera; Maria Lucia Miglietta; Girolamo Di Francia; Pasqualina Maria Sarro;
    Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology,
    Volume 8, pp. 1015-1022, 2017.
    document

  27. Effects of graphene defects on gas sensing properties towards NO2 detection
    Filiberto Ricciardella; Sten Vollebregt; Tiziana Polichetti; Mario Miscuglio; Brigida Alfano; Maria L. Miglietta; Ettore Massera; Girolamo Di Francia; Pasqualina M. Sarro;
    Nanoscale,
    Volume 9, pp. 6085-6093, 2017.
    document

  28. Effects of Graphene Monolayer Coating on the Optical Performance of Remote Phosphors
    Maryam Yazdan Mehr; S. Vollebregt; W. D. van Driel; Kouchi Zhang;
    Journal of Electronic Materials,
    Volume 46, Issue 10, pp. 5866--5872, 2017. DOI: 10.1007/s11664-017-5592-8
    Keywords: ... graphene, Light-emitting diode, reliability, remote phosphor.

  29. Effect of droplet shrinking on surface acoustic wave response in microfluidic applications
    Thu Hang Bui; Van Nguyen; Sten Vollebregt; Bruno Morana; Henk van Zeijl; Trinh Chu Duc; P.M. Sarro;
    Applied Surface Science,
    Volume 426, pp. 253-261, 2017.
    document

  30. Carbon Nanotubes as Vertical Interconnects for 3D Integrated Circuits
    Sten Vollebregt; Ryoichi Ishihara;
    In Carbon Nanotubes for Interconnects,
    Springer International Publishing, 2017.
    document

  31. Horizontally aligned carbon nanotube scaffolds for freestanding structures with enhanced conductivity
    Cinzia Silvestri; Federico Marciano; Bruno Morana; Violeta Podranovic; Sten Vollebregt; Kouchi Zhang; Pasqualina M Sarro;
    In Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), 2017 IEEE 30th International Conference on,
    pp. 266-269, 2017.

  32. Suspended graphene beams with tunable gap for squeeze-film pressure sensing
    S. Vollebregt; R.J. Dolleman; H.S.J. van der Zant; P.G. Steeneken; P.M. Sarro;
    In Proc.of Transducers 2017, the 19th International Conference on Solid-state Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems,
    pp. 770-773, 2017.

  33. High sensitive CVD graphene-based gas sensors operating under environmental conditions
    Filiberto Ricciardella; Sten Vollebregt; Tiziana Polichetti; Brigida Alfano; Ettore Massera; Pasqualina M. Sarro;
    In Graphene Conference,
    2017.

  34. Low Temperature CVD Grown Graphene for Highly Selective Gas Sensors Working under Ambient Conditions
    Filiberto Ricciardella; Sten Vollebregt; Tiziana Polichetti; Brigida Alfano; Ettore Massera; Pasqualina M. Sarro;
    In Proceedings of Eurosensors 2017,
    pp. 445, 2017.
    document

  35. Wafer-scale measurements of the specific contact resistance between different metals and mono- and multi-layer graphene
    S. Vollebregt; M. Singh; D.J. Wehenkel; R. van Rijn; P.M. Sarro;
    In Proc. of the 43rd international conference on Micro and Nanoengineering (MNE),
    pp. 152, 2017.

  36. A transfer-free wafer-scale method for the fabrication of suspended graphene beams for squeeze-film pressure sensors
    S. Vollebregt; R.J. Dolleman; H.S.J. van der Zant; P.G. Steeneken; P.M. Sarro;
    In Graphene Week,
    2017.

  37. An Innovative Approach to Overcome Saturation and Recovery Issues of CVD graphene-Based Gas Sensors
    F. Ricciardella; S. Vollebregt; T. Polichetti; B. Alfano; E. Massera; P. M. Sarro;
    In Proceedings of IEEE Sensors Conference,
    pp. 1224-1226, 2017.

  38. The Direct Growth of Carbon Nanotubes as Vertical Interconnects in 3D Integrated Circuits
    Sten Vollebregt; Ryoichi Ishihara;
    Carbon,
    Volume 96, pp. 332-338, 2016.
    document

  39. The growth of carbon nanotubes on electrically conductive ZrN support layers for through-silicon vias
    Sten Vollebregt; Sourish Banerjee; Frans D. Tichelaar; Ryoichi Ishihara;
    Microelectronic Engineering,
    Volume 156, pp. 126-130, 2016.
    document

  40. Stretchable Binary Fresnel Lens for Focus Tuning
    Xueming Li; Lei Wei; Ren� H. Poelma; Sten Vollebregt; Jia Wei; Hendrik Paul Urbach; Pasqualina M. Sarro; Kouchi Zhang;
    Scientific Reports,
    Volume 6, pp. 25348, 2016.

  41. Thermal characterization of carbon nanotube foam using MEMS microhotplates and thermographic analysis
    Cinzia Silvestri; Michele Riccio; Rene Poelma; Bruno Morana; Sten Vollebregt; Fabio Santagata; Andrea Irace; Kouchi Zhang; Pasqualina M. Sarro;
    Nanoscale,
    Volume 8, pp. 8266-8275, 2016.
    document

  42. Fabrication and characterization of an Upside-down Carbon Nanotube (CNT) Microelectrode array (MEA)
    Gaio, N.; Silvestri, C.; van Meer, B.; Vollebregt, S.; Mummery, C.; Dekker, R.;
    IEEE Sensors Journal,
    Volume 16, Issue 24, pp. 8685, 2016.

  43. A transfer-free wafer-scale CVD graphene fabrication process for MEMS/NEMS sensors
    S. Vollebregt; B. Alfano; F. Ricciardella; A.J.M. Giesbers; Y. Grachova; H.W. van Zeijl; T. Polichetti; P.M. Sarro;
    In Proc. of the 29th IEEE International Conference of Micro Electro Mechanical Systems,
    pp. 17-20, 2016.

  44. A predefined wafer-scale CVD graphene deposition method requiring no transfer
    Sten Vollebregt; Lina Sarro;
    In Graphene Week,
    2016.

  45. High sensitive gas sensors realized by a transfer-free process of CVD graphene
    Filiberto Ricciardella; Sten Vollebregt; Tiziana Polichetti; Brigida Alfano; Ettore Massera; Lina Sarro;
    In Proceedings of the IEEE Sensors conference,
    2016.

  46. Impact of the atomic layer deposition precursors diffusion on solid-state carbon nanotube based supercapacitors performances
    G Fiorentino; S Vollebregt; FD Tichelaar; R Ishihara; PM Sarro;
    IOP Nanotechnology,
    Volume 26, Issue 6, pp. 064002, 2015.
    document

  47. Fabrication of Low Temperature Carbon Nanotube Vertical Interconnects Compatible with Semiconductor Technology
    S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara;
    Journal of Visual Experiments,
    Volume 106, pp. e53260, 2015.
    document

  48. Doped Carbon Nanotubes for Interconnects
    J. Robertson; S. Esconjauregui; L. D’Arsie; J. Yang; H. Sugime; G. Zhong; Y. Guo; S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara; C. Cepek; G. Duesberg; T. Hallam;
    In Extended Abstracts of the 2015 International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials (SSDM),
    2015.

  49. Carbon nanotubes TSV grown on an electrically conductive ZrN support layer
    Sten Vollebregt; Sourish Banerjee; Frans D. Tichelaar; Ryoichi Ishihara;
    In IEEE International Interconnect Technology Conference,
    pp. 281-283, 2015.

  50. Tunable binary fresnel lens based on stretchable PDMS/CNT compsite
    Xueming Li; L. Wei; S. Vollebregt; R. Poelma; Y. Shen; Jia Wei; P. Urbach; P.M. Sarro; Kouchi Zhang;
    In Transducers,
    pp. 2041-2044, 2015.

  51. Molybdenum grown CVD graphene Schottky diodes
    S. Vollebregt; F. Ricciardella; Y. Grachova; T. Polichetti; P.M. Sarro;
    In Graphene Week,
    2015.

  52. Crystallinity variations over the length of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapour deposition
    S. Vollebregt; P. Padmanabhan; C. Silvestri; P.M. Sarro;
    In 41st Micro and Nano Engineering conference,
    2015.

  53. The Role of Edge Defects in Liquid Phase Exfoliated and Chemical Vapor Deposited Graphene for NO2 Detection
    F Ricciardella; S Vollebregt; T Polichetti; B Alfano; PM Sarro; ML Miglietta; E Massera; G Di Francia;
    In GraphITA,
    2015.

  54. Upside-down Carbon Nanotube (CNT) Micro-electrode Array (MEA)
    N. Gaio; B. van Meer; C. Silvestri; Saeed Khoshfetrat Pakazad; S. Vollebregt; C.L. Mummery; R. Dekker;
    In IEEE Sensors Conference,
    2015.

  55. Tailoring the Mechanical Properties of High-Aspect-Ratio Carbon Nanotube Arrays using Amorphous Silicon Carbide Coatings
    Poelma, RH; Morana, Bruno; Vollebregt, Sten; Schlangen, Erik; van Zeijl, HW; Fan, Xuejun; Zhang, Kouchi;
    Advanced Functional Materials,
    Volume 24, Issue 36, pp. 5737-5744, 2014.
    document

  56. Failure Analysis and Reliability of Low-Temperature-Grown Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotube Bundles Integrated as Vias in Monolithic Three-Dimensional Integrated Circuits
    Chiaramonti, Ann N; Vollebregt, Sten; Sanders, Aric W; Ishihara, Ryoichi; Read, David T;
    Microsc. Microanal,
    Volume 20, pp. 1762-1763, 2014.

  57. Carbon nanotube vertical interconnects fabricated at temperatures as low as 350 �C
    Vollebregt, Sten; Tichelaar, FD; Schellevis, H; Beenakker, CIM; Ishihara, R;
    Carbon,
    Volume 71, pp. 249--256, 2014.

  58. Dominant thermal boundary resistance in multi-walled carbon nanotube bundles fabricated at low temperature
    Vollebregt, Sten; Banerjee, Sourish; Chiaramonti, Ann N; Tichelaar, Frans D; Beenakker, Kees; Ishihara, Ryoichi;
    Journal of Applied Physics,
    Volume 116, Issue 2, pp. 023514, 2014.

  59. Carbon Nanotube Vertical Interconnects: Prospects and Challenges
    Vollebregt, S; Beenakker, CIM; Ishihara, R;
    In Micro-and Nanoelectronics: Emerging Device Challenges and Solutions,
    CRC Press, 2014.

  60. CNT bundles growth on microhotplates for direct measurement of their thermal properties
    C. Silvestri; B. Morana; G. Fiorentino; S. Vollebregt; G. Pandraud; F. Santagata; Kouchi Zhang; P.M. Sarro;
    In 27th IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS 2014),
    San Francisco, USA, Jan. 2014.
    document

  61. 3D solid-state supercapacitors obtained by ALD coating of high-density carbon nanotubes bundles
    Fiorentino, Giuseppe; Vollebregt, Sten; Tichelaar, FD; Ishihara, Ryoichi; Sarro, Pasqualina M;
    In Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), 2014 IEEE 27th International Conference on,
    IEEE, pp. 342--345, 2014.

  62. High Quality Wafer-scale CVD Graphene on Molybdenum Thin Film for Sensing Application
    Yelena Grachova; Sten Vollebregt; Andrea Leonardo Lacaita; Pasqualina M. Sarro;
    In Procedia Engineering 87: EUROSENSORS 2014, the 28th European Conference on Solid-State Transducers,
    pp. 1501-1504, 2014.
    document

  63. Carbon Nanotubes as Vertical Interconnects in 3D Integrated Circuits
    Sten Vollebregt;
    PhD thesis, Delft University of Technology, 2014.
    document

  64. Towards the integration of carbon nanotubes as vias in monolithic three-dimensional integrated circuits
    S. Vollebregt; Chiaramonti; AN; J. van der Cingel; C.I.M. Beenakker; R. Ishihara;
    Japanese Journal of Applied Physics. Part 1, Regular Papers Brief Communications & Review Papers,
    Volume 52, Issue 1-5, 2013.

  65. Size-Dependent Effects on the Temperature Coefficient of Resistance of Carbon Nanotube Vias
    Vollebregt, Sten; Banerjee, Sourish; Beenakker, Kees; Ishihara, Ryoichi;
    Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on,
    Volume 60, Issue 12, pp. 4085--4089, 2013.

  66. Thermal conductivity of low temperature grown vertical carbon nanotube bundles measured using the three-ω method.
    S. Vollebregt; S. Banerjee; C.I.M. Beenakker; R. Ishihara;
    Applied Physics Letters,
    Volume 102, Issue 19, pp. 1-4, 2013.

  67. Carbon Nanotubes as Interconnects in Integrated Circuits
    Vollebregt, S; Ishihara, R; Beenakker, CIM;
    In Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Second Edition,
    Taylor and Francis, 2013.

  68. Integrating low temperature aligned carbon nanotubes as vertical interconnects in Si technology
    Sten Vollebregt; Ryoichi Ishihara; Jaber J. Derakhshandehohan van der Cingel; Hugo Schellevis; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    In Nanoelectronic Device Applications Handbook,
    Taylor and Francis, 2013.

  69. Carbon Nanotube based heat-sink for solid state lighting
    F. Santagata; G. Almanno; S. Vollebregt; C Silvestri; Kouchi Zhang; P.M. Sarro;
    In 8th IEEE Int. Conf. Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS),
    pp. 1214-1217, Apr 2013. DOI 10.1109/NEMS.2013.6559937.

  70. Carbon nanotube vias fabricated at back-end of line compatible temperature using a novel CoAl catalyst
    S. Vollebregt; H. Schellevis; C.I.M. Beenakker; R. Ishihara;
    In S. Ogawa (Ed.), IEEE International Interconnect Technology Conference-technical papers,
    Kyoto, Japan, Jun. 2013.

  71. Influence of the growth temperature on the first and second-order Raman band ratios and widths of carbon nanotubes and fibers
    S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara; F.D. Tichelaar; Y. Hou; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    Carbon,
    Volume 50, Issue 10, pp. 3542-3554, Aug. 2012. DOI 10.1016/j.carbon.2012.03.026.

  72. Contact resistance of low-temperature carbon nanotube vertical interconnects
    S. Vollebregt; A.N. Chiaramonti; R. Ishihara; H. Schellevis; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    In K. Jiang (Ed.), 2012 12th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO),
    Birmingham, UK, Aug. 2012. ISBN 978-1-4673-2198-3; DOI 10.1109/NANO.2012.6321985.

  73. Multilayer conformal coating of highly dense Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes bundles
    G. Fiorentino; S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara; P.M. Sarro;
    In 2012 12th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO),
    Birmingham, UK, Aug. 2012. ISBN 978-1-4673-2198-3; DOI 10.1109/NANO.2012.6322054.

  74. Low-temperature bottom-up integration of carbon nanotubes for vertical interconnects in monolithic 3D integrated circuits
    S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara; J. van der Cingel; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    In 3rd IEEE International 3D Systems Integration Conference (3DIC 2011),
    Osaka, Japan, Jan. 2012. DOI 10.1109/3DIC.2012.6262989.

  75. Electrical characterization of carbon nanotube vertical interconnects with different lengths and widths
    S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara; F.D. Tichelaar; J. van der Cingel; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    In IEEE International Interconnect Technology Conference (IITC 2012),
    San Jose, CA, USA, pp. 1-3, Jun. 2012. DOI 10.1109/IITC.2012.6251578.

  76. Integrating carbon nanotubes as vias in a monolithic 3DIC process
    S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara; A.N. Chiaramonti; J. van der Cingel; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    In Proc. International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials (SSDM 2012),
    Kyoto, Japan, pp. 1170-1171, Sep 2012.

  77. Patterned aligned carbon nanotubes for vertical interconnects in 3D integrated TFT circuits
    S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara; J. J. Derakhshandeh. van der Cingel; W.H.A. Wien; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    In 7th International Thin-Film Transistor Conference,
    Cambridge, United Kingdom, Mar. 2011.

  78. Integrating low temperature aligned carbon nanotubes as vertical interconnects in Si technology
    S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara; J. J. Derakhshandeh. van der Cingel; H. Schellevis; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    In Proc. 11th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology (NANO 2011),
    Portland, OR, pp. 985-990, Aug. 2011.

  79. Use of multi-wall carbon nanotubes as an absorber in a thermal detector
    H. Wu; S. Vollebregt; A. Emadi; G. de Graaf; R. R. IshiharaF. Wolffenbuttel;
    In C. Tsamis; G. Kaltas (Ed.), Proc. Eurosensors XXV,
    Athens, Greece, Procedia Engineering, pp. 523-526, Sep. 2011. DOI 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.12.130.

  80. Electrical characterisation of low temperature aligned carbon nanotubes for vertical interconnects
    S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara; J. van der Cingel; H. Schellevis; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    In Proc. ICT.OPEN: Micro technology and micro devices (SAFE 2011),
    Veldhoven, The Netherlands, Nov. 2011.

  81. Growth of high density aligned carbon nanotubes using palladium as catalyst
    S. Vollebregt; J. Derakhshandeh; R. Ishihara; M. Y. Wu; C. I. M. Beenakker;
    Journal of Electronic Materials,
    Volume 39, Issue 4, pp. 371-375, 2010.

  82. Patterned growth of carbon nanotubes for vertical interconnect in 3D integrated circuits
    S. Vollebregt; R. Ishihara; J. Derakhshandeh; W. Wien; J. van der Cingel; C.E.M. Beenakker;
    In Proc. of SAFE 2010,
    pp. 184-187, 2010.

  83. Growth of high density aligned carbon nanotubes using palladium as catalyst
    S. Vollebregt; J. Derakhshandeh; R. Ishihara; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    In Proceedings of Electronic Material conference 2009,
    USA, 2009.

  84. Investigating Low Temperature High Density Aligned Carbon Nanotube and Nanofilament Growth using Palladium as Catalyst
    S. Vollebregt; J. Derakhshandeh; M.Y. Wu; R. Ishihara; C.I.M. Beenakker;
    In SAFE 2009,
    STW, pp. 125-128, 2009.

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Last updated: 30 Jan 2020